Quick Answer: What Happens If Infection Gets Into Bone?

What bone is the most common site of osteomyelitis?

In adults, the vertebrae are the most common site of hematogenous osteomyelitis, but infection may also occur in the long bones, pelvis, and clavicle.

Primary hematogenous osteomyelitis is more common in infants and children, usually occurring in the long-bone metaphysis..

What are the long term effects of osteomyelitis?

Osteomyelitis needs long-term care to prevent complications such as: Fractures of the affected bone. Stunted growth in children, if the infection has involved the growth plate. Tissue death (gangrene) in the affected area.

What is the prognosis for osteomyelitis?

Outlook (Prognosis) With treatment, the outcome for acute osteomyelitis is often good. The outlook is worse for those with long-term (chronic) osteomyelitis. Symptoms may come and go for years, even with surgery. Amputation may be needed, especially in people with diabetes or poor blood circulation.

How is a bone infection diagnosed?

Diagnosing Bone & Joint InfectionsBlood Test. Doctors may use blood tests to determine if you have an infection, and, if so, what type of bacterium or fungus is causing it. … X-ray. X-rays use electromagnetic radiation to create pictures of the body. … MRI Scan. … CT Scan. … Bone Scan. … Tissue Culture. … Bone Biopsy.

How serious is a bone infection?

An infection in your bone can impede blood circulation within the bone, leading to bone death. Areas where bone has died need to be surgically removed for antibiotics to be effective. Septic arthritis. Sometimes, infection within bones can spread into a nearby joint.

Can osteomyelitis lead to sepsis?

An infection of the bone, called osteomyelitis, could lead to sepsis. In people who are hospitalized, bacteria may enter through IV lines, surgical wounds, urinary catheters, and bed sores.

Can osteomyelitis be cured with antibiotics?

The most common treatments for osteomyelitis are surgery to remove portions of bone that are infected or dead, followed by intravenous antibiotics given in the hospital.

What are the 3 stages of sepsis?

There are three stages of sepsis: sepsis, severe sepsis, and ultimately septic shock. In the United States, there are more than one million cases with more than 258,000 deaths per year. More people die from sepsis each year than the combined deaths from prostate cancer, breast cancer, and HIV.

What happens if a bone infection goes untreated?

Osteomyelitis affects about 2 out of every 10,000 people. If left untreated, the infection can become chronic and cause a loss of blood supply to the affected bone. When this happens, it can lead to the eventual death of the bone tissue.

Can osteomyelitis cause nerve damage?

Patients with chronic osteomyelitis may report bone pain, tenderness, and draining abscesses around infected bone for long periods of time (months to years). Rarely, vertebral osteomyelitis may affect the nerves in the spine. If the infection travels into the spinal canal, this can result in an epidural abscess.

What is the best antibiotic for bone infection?

The classic antibiotic combination for bone infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus and P. aeruginosa is levofloxacin plus rifampicin.

When infection gets into the bone?

A bone infection, also called osteomyelitis, can result when bacteria or fungi invade a bone. In children, bone infections most commonly occur in the long bones of the arms and legs. In adults, they usually appear in the hips, spine, and feet. Bone infections can happen suddenly or develop over a long period of time.

Why is it difficult to treat bone infections?

These areas of dead bone are difficult to cure of infection because it is difficult for the body’s natural infection-fighting cells and antibiotics to reach them. The infection can also spread outward from the bone to form collections of pus (abscesses) in nearby soft tissues, such as the muscle.

Does a bone infection hurt?

Signs and symptoms Share on Pinterest Pain, redness, and swelling can be a sign of a bone infection. The signs and symptoms of osteomyelitis depend on the type. They commonly include: Pain, which can be severe, and swelling, redness, and tenderness in the affected area.

What are the symptoms of a jaw bone infection?

Osteomyelitis of the jaw can cause:Fever.Jaw pain.Facial swelling.Tenderness to the touch.Jaw stiffness.Sinus drainage.Tooth loss.Pus (thick, usually yellow-white fluid)More items…

How long does bone infection take to heal?

If you have a severe infection, the course may last up to 12 weeks. It’s important to finish a course of antibiotics even if you start to feel better. If the infection is treated quickly (within 3 to 5 days of it starting), it often clears up completely. You can take painkillers to ease the pain.